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HISTORY OF CARPET

Perhaps not so well publicized on the history of handicraft of carpet requiring manual and
artistic skill is moved by well research and study. The art of carpet weaving is no more a new
handicraft as it had been practicing since a long time. After 1959, it became Hobson's choice
and many of them left for neighboring countries like Nepal and India. Such being the case, it
was accustomed to earn their livelihood through their skills of weaving. Hence introduction of
carpet weaving emerged in Nepal lately. The adorning beds with beautiful woolen carpet in
Tibetan houses harmonize with the history of carpets. Generally, Tibetan refugees started
establishing carpet factory and the demand for which was no doubt much strong in the
national as well as in the international markets. So, the govt. of Nepal acknowledged the
Tibetan rug weaving a quality key to export growth of handicrafts. Many private sectors
played leading role in carpet factories. The old designs, color & size of the carpets have been
altered according to the demand forwarded in International market. Thus, the demand for
carpets has been increasingly worldwide and quality product always has been found in market
to compete in the international arena.

The Nepalese-Tibetan carpets contain a very high degree of hand processing and qualities
ranging from 60-150 knots per square inch. Regularity safe guards are in place to ensure that
only highest quality fleece wool is imported for use in these carpets.
MANUFACTURING PROCESS

The making of carpets involves lots of hard works, dedications and skills. There are processes
that must be strictly followed in order to make a carpet that does not compromise on quality
and gives an everlasting comfort and also remains an object desire of the buyer. All the
processes have its own importance and without one of them, the story of creating a carpet
shall not reach its finishing line.
The process involved may be summarized as follows:
1. WOOL
6. TRIMMING/CUTTING
5. WEAVING
4. DYEING
3. SPINNING
2. CARDING
10.. PACKING
8. STRECHING
7. WASHING
Wool plays the utmost importance for the production of carpets. The carpets are
entirely manufactured by using wool from sheep. The wool needs washing, drying
and sorting before proceeding to carding stage.
To access to the spin able wool, carding of raw wool is done with the carding
machine. The raw wool from different sources is formulated to a compound to refine
into spin able wool.
To approch to the woolen yarn the carded wool is spun by simple machine. The
thickness and thinness of the yarn is spun according to the demand of the carpets. The
finest spun wool is used for 100-knot carpets & the thickness is used for 60 knots
carpets.
Unlike the traditional method, the spun wool is dyed through the formulation of
chemicals. The yarn are coloured and shaded in this stage. The yarn is drenched into
cauldrons after the well solution of water, colour and chemicals. Dyed yarn dried for
1-2 days according to weather. The dried yarns are rolled into balls for case while
weaving.
The most important work for the intetwining of woolen yarn through the cotton yarn falls in this phase.

Refined cotton yarns are entwined with the woolen yarn through the loom. The weavers are provided with a chart of plotted graph
to obtain the desired design, which is usually, hangs on the loom to look at. The loom is placed upright position and the weaver
works by sitting. The required tools used are steel rod for getting the yarn looped across the full length of rod, blade for cutting the
loops, combed hammer to beat the cut piles and a pair of scissor for cutting the excess length of the cut piles. The process goes on
till the required size of the carpet is obtained.
The finished carpets are taken to trimming secton for cut off the unequal parts on the
surface of the carpet. The distinct separation of the background colour and pattern
colours is done through this stage.
Carpets are washed to get off the dust and to have shine on them. Some carpets get
strong washed off by using chemical to get the look of an antique.
The carpets are put on a stretching iron frame and the vertices of the carpets are
hooked in the four corners and sides to get the desired size and to get straight.
The carpets are carefully rolled and get swathed into the polythene sheet. Finally,
bound by wrapped by jute cloth, the carpets are ready to be dispatched to the
destination read by the address labeled on them.
9. Final Touch

finishing process. Here the colour, size design etc. are rechecked.After the carpets are stretched, cleaning up and
inspecting whether the desired product is obtained or not does the
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